Do Investors Really Think Earnings Are Going off a Cliff?

Investor concerns about the future of global and US economic growth and corporate profitability are understandable. But corporate profitability has never been as low as the equity risk premium (ERP) now suggests. Thus, we believe the long-term upside potential in equities is extraordinary, as my colleague Joseph G. Paul explains in the article below.

What the ERP Tells Us About Earnings Expectations

The equity risk premium (ERP) is just one of many metrics we use to gauge market sentiment, mostly to see if we view things differently and can gain an advantage.

In simple terms, the ERP measures the difference between the expected return from equities and the expected return (or yield) on long-dated Treasuries or other sovereign bonds. Theoretically, that difference, or premium, is the added compensation required to entice a prudent investor to forego the relative safety of bonds and jump into more volatile stocks. Today, according to our reading, investors are demanding a whopping 8.5% premium to take the leap. That is as high as it has been in more than 50 years and is equal to the peak reached during the 2008 financial crisis.

Obviously, this premium is signaling the market’s extreme fear of stocks. That’s understandable. Stocks have been unusually volatile and, given today’s towering uncertainties, they likely will remain so. And because the ERP equation entails making assumptions about future profitability, it is also telling us that investors are extremely pessimistic about earnings growth and, by association, the economy. But are investors right to be so gloomy?

The answer has obvious investment implications. By dissecting ERP components, my colleague Brian Lomax calculated that the market, assuming fair value, is pricing in compound annual earnings growth of roughly 4.5% and average return on equity (ROE) of 8.7% ad infinitum. If this outlook proves to be too grim, then stock prices (and bond yields) should ultimately rise as expectations catch up with reality, driving the ERP lower. A return to the five-year average ERP of 6% implies upside potential of 70% versus bonds, all else being equal (Display). I’d say that’s quite an inducement to own stocks. But if the earnings outlook implied by the ERP proves closer to the truth, stocks are going nowhere. Investors' Fear of Equities Is at a 50-Year High So how probable are the expectations that are baked into stock prices? History suggests not very. Since 1946, earnings growth has exceeded 4.5% in two-thirds of rolling five-year periods and has averaged 6.8%. Five-year ROE has never been as low as 8.7% and has averaged 12.6% over the same period. Our sensitivity analysis of S&P 500 earnings similarly concluded that near-term US profitability was more resilient than stock prices reflected, as noted in my recent blog post, Can US Profits Survive a Stalled Economy?

If we’re right that earnings expectations are overly pessimistic, then the upside potential in equities is extraordinary. And if the market is being too pessimistic about future earnings power in aggregate, probably it is also overlooking important fundamentals that distinguish companies that are likely to thrive in the future from those that will not. That’s when stock pickers gain an edge, especially if they have the research capabilities to spot what the market might be missing.

The views expressed herein do not constitute research, investment advice or trade recommendations and do not necessarily represent the views of all AllianceBernstein portfolio teams.

This article was first published in Institutional Investors' Global Market Thought Leaders blog.

Sharon E. Fay, CFA

Head and Chief Investment Officer—Equities
Sharon E. Fay was named Head and Chief Investment Officer of Equities in July 2010. She is responsible for overseeing AB’s portfolio management and research activities relating to all equity investment portfolios. Previously, Fay served as CIO of Global Value Equities from 2003 to 2014. From 1999 to 2006, she was CIO of European and UK Value Equities, serving as co-CIO from 2003 to 2006 after being named CIO of Global Value Equities in 2003. From 1997 to 1999, Fay was CIO of Canadian Value Equities. Prior to that, she had been a senior portfolio manager of International Value Equities since 1995. Fay joined the firm in 1990 as a research analyst, subsequently launching Canadian Value, the firm’s first single-market service focused outside the US. She then went on to launch the company’s UK and European Equity services and build Bernstein’s London office, home of its first portfolio management and research team based outside the US. Fay holds a BA from Brown University and an MBA from Harvard Business School. She is a CFA charterholder. Location: New York

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